14th Artillery Battalion was organized during the fall of 1862 with six companies. The unit was assigned to the Army of Tennessee but served detached much of the time as it was an administrative organization rather than a field command. The different companies served in Tennessee and in North Mississippi, and most were active in the Atlanta Campaign. It is not known how many members surrendered in North Carolina, but Batteries A and E no longer had cannons were serving as infantry. Lieutenant Colonel Joseph T. Montgomery and Major Joseph Palmer were in command.