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Emmitsburg Road, opposite Peach Orchard Gettysburg
63rd Pennsylvania Infantry
|Middle Ring Reading from right of Crest:
Mustered in at Pittsburgh Pa. August-September 1861
Field & Staff---Unassigned---Band---Drafted Men
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Organized at Pittsburgh August, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., August 26. Attached to Jameson's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to September, 1864.
SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until March, 1862. Reconnaissance to Pohick Church and the Occoquan November 12, 1861. Pohick Church and the Occoquan March 5, 1862 (Detachment). Moved to the Peninsula March 16-18. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove June 25. Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Duty at Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Centreville August 16-26. Bristoe Station or Kettle Run August 27. Buckland's Bridge, Broad Run, August 27. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Duty in the Defenses of Washington and guarding fords in Maryland until October. March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 11-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Burnside's second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Whapping Heights, Va., July 23. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 13-14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris' Farm May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 29-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond June 16-September 5. Weldon Railroad June 22-23. Demonstration on north side of the James River at Deep Bottom July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion July 30 (Reserve). Demonstration on north side of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 105th Pennsylvania September 5, 1864. Mustered out September 9, 1864.
Regiment lost during service 17 Officers and 169 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 133 Enlisted men by disease. Total 320.
On the evening of September 4th, official notice was received of the capture of Atlanta by General Sherman. A national salute of thirty-six shotted guns was fired at midnight in honor of the victory, by every battery bearing on the enemy's works. The "Johnnies" were much surprised and alarmed at being so unceremoniously aroused at the witching hour of night, and regarding the unusual demonstration as the prelude to an attack, replied briskly to our fire from all their batteries and cohorns. The noise in the dead hour of the night was terrific and the sight one of grandeur.
The air was literally filled with the flash of heavy and light artillery on either side, and bombs, whose fiery trails were truly and grandly sublime.
The time for our discharge from the service of the United States had now arrived, and one hundred and sixty-two enlisted men and two officers of the Sixty-third whose terms had not expired, and those veterans who had re-enlisted, were transferred to the Ninety-ninth Pennsylvania Regiment. These men, however, made a vigorous protest and the following appeal, which was signed by every re-enlisted man of the Sixty-third, was forwarded to the War Department at Washington :
"Headquarters Sixty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers",
August 11, 1864.
Sir: The undersigned, non-commissioned officers and privates of the Sixty-third Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, respectfully beg leave to submit the following statement for your consideration:
As will be seen by the enclosed order, the term of service of seven companies of this regiment has expired and we, (the veterans and recruits) who are left, are ordered for field service to the Ninety-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers.
We know that a strong effort has been, and is still being made, to have the consolidation a permanent one, and it is against this that we appeal.
The Sixty-third and the One Hundred and Fifth Pennsylvania Regiments were organized in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the fall of 1861, in the same camp and at the same time. We came to Washington City and were very soon brigaded together in the brigade commanded by the late Brigadier General C. D. Jameson. Since that time we have never been separated for a single day. Qur histories are identical, having always fought side by side in the numerous battles in which we have been engaged. We have many friends and relatives there, and feel that our assignment to that regiment would be conducive to the best interests of the service. The One Hundred and Fifth is a veteran organization and it is our earnest wish that we be transferred to that regiment. On the other hand, we beg leave, most respectfully, to protest against our being transferred to the Ninety-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers. It is from the eastern portion of the State, while we are from the western. There is nothing to identify us with them. Our relations with one another have always been other than friendly, and we feel that any credit that we might be entitled to in the future, would be accredited to a portion of the State other than our own, thereby depriving our friends at home of the credit or discredit of our actions in the future. We feel that this is unjust and that the majority of us, having served faith fully and honestly, for a period of three years, and having re-enlisted for a new term, that our feelings and interests, as well as those of our friends at home, should, to some degree at least, be consulted.
We would, therefore, earnestly and urgently request that such steps be taken as will prevent the consummation of an object that will be humiliating to us; that the order assigning us to the Ninety-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers be revoked and that we be assigned to the regiment of our choice, the One Hundred and Fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers."
This communication was favorably considered by the War Department, and the recruits and re-enlisted veterans of the Sixty-third were transferred to the One Hundred and Fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, with which gallant organization they served faithfully and honorably until the surrender at Appamattox Court House on Sunday, April 9, 1865.
The re-enlisted men, who were actuated solely by their patriotism to continue in service after the expiration of their original terms, were also permitted, by general orders, to attach to their signatures the word "Veteran"; and were mustered as Veteran Volunteers under General Orders Nos. 191, 305 and 376, War Department, A. G. O.
Under the Red Patch. Story of The Sixty Third Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. Compiled by Gilbert Adams Hays. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Published by Sixty-Third Pennsylvania Volunteers Regimental Association. 1908. Press of Market Review Publishing Co. Pittsburgh, Pa.